The medical field is a sea of options. You need to closely observe the available options and select the best possible option. In India, we have many medical-oriented fields. Along with the pure sciences, many alternative options are also present. Degrees and diplomas are both available at one’s convenience.
Medical Courses and their Importance
A health care system is about the doctors and includes nurses, lab technicians, paramedical staff, and more people. We need more and more trained professionals who are capable of doing these jobs efficiently. The health industry is one of the determinants of measuring the development of a country.
Besides, there are many other courses related to the same subjects in the medical industry, which can be considered a good opportunity.
Several jobs are available for people trained in the medical sciences. Health is the basic need of a person that should be provided at minimum cost.
Veterinary and animal husbandry are equally good fields for the people who genuinely love animals. The different medical courses available after the 12th are enumerated in this article.
List of Medical Courses after 12th
MBBS(Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery):
MBBS is a professional practitioner course to become a doctor. It is a 5.5 years degree with a compulsory internship for one year. The internship can be at any medical body, including hospitals, NGO’s or health centers.
The admission to any MBBS college in India is based on the marks obtained in NEET (National Eligibility Cum Entrance Test). On a merit basis, the college is decided for the students.
The eligibility criteria to appear in the exam is a score of 50% in class 12th in Physics, Chemistry, and Biology. The minimum age to appear in the exam is 17 years.
After admission to a medical college, you get to study several subjects that are pre-clinical, clinical, and para-clinical.
All the subjects are compulsory, and you need to pass every subject to get the degree. You will get your medical practitioner number once you clear all the subjects, and after an internship, you are a doctor. Doctors make up a respectable group of society, and this is a great profession to be practiced.
BDS (Bachelor of Dental Sciences):
Candidates who are interested in becoming orthodontists or prosthodontists usually take up this course. BDS is a bachelor’s degree if you want to become a dental surgeon or a practicing dentist. The degree is 4.5 years long, along with the internship.
The entrance exam in India for BDS is the same as MBBS, i.e., NEET. Completing BDS successfully opens many doors in front of you. You can practice in government or private hospitals. You can do private practice. Besides this, you can go for MDS or research work.
You can also go ahead with becoming a professor in a dental college. There is a great demand for dentists in society. Along with being a respectable profession, it is also a highly paid one. In conclusion, this is a great opportunity if one gets it.
BHMS (Bachelor of Homeopathic Medicine and Surgery)
Homeopathy is very different from allopathy. Homeopathy works internally and not externally. It activates the body’s systems so that the body heals itself.
This field is gaining popularity nowadays because all the medicines in homeopathy are naturally derived and help in the healing of the body. It is a completely different and nice way to deal with things.
BHMS is an undergraduate course of almost 5.5 years for candidates interested in studying homeopathy. BHMS also involves an internship for one year.
In the course, there are practical and theoretical classes in which the homeopathic texts are taught, and the benefits we can extract from them are discussed. Different entrance exams for getting admission in BHMS are NEET, PU CET, AP and many others.
After the completion of the course, one can go ahead with further studies or teaching. Private or government practice is an option. One can also work in the manufacturing, quality control or sales sector of various industries.
BAMS (Bachelor of Ayurvedic Medicine and Surgery)
Ayurvedic medicine includes a wide range of subjects, including traditional medicine and modern medicine.
These sciences work upon the process of natural healing using medicines prepared from natural herbs, vegetables, and plants. In the course, different subjects of Ayurveda and allopathy are combined. BAMS is of 5.5 years with a year of compulsory internship.
The minimum requirement to appear in the entrance exam to get admission in BAMS is 50% marks in class 12 in the medical stream. The entrance exams related to the course are NEET, OJEE, KEM etc.
There are many future opportunities once you are done with your bachelor’s degree in Ayurveda. You can further continue your studies to get efficient in a particular stream or can start practising Ayurveda at a government or private institution.
You can also work as a category manager, sales manager, Ayurvedic pharmacist and many more. The field is gaining a lot of popularity due to the deteriorating lifestyle of the people. Ayurvedic science is getting equal attention in western countries.
BUMS (Bachelor of Unani Medicine and Surgery)
Unani medicine is one of the oldest systems of treatment. It believes in the natural healing of the body. The ability of the body to heal by itself is used in this science.
The Unani medicine is composed of four components that are earth, fire, water, and air. Various deadly diseases are prevalent today which can be cured by this system.
Some of them include diabetes, psoriasis, arthritis, kidney stones, and many others. Stress and anxiety can be cured in this system that is the root cause of many diseases.
The admission to this course is based on the marks obtained in class 12 or the various national and state medical entrance exams.
These exams include NEET, OJEE, TS EAMCET, BVP CET etc. Several job opportunities are available in the government and private sector in this field. The employment areas include government and private hospitals, research labs, educational institutes, pharmaceutical companies, pharmacy, life science industries, and many more. These are reputable and well-paid jobs.
B.Sc Nursing (Bachelor of nursing)
Nursing is one of the most respected professions in the country. This noble profession has a great number of job opportunities available. The health care system can never work so efficiently in the absence of nurses. They play a great role in running the hospitals and clinics. They are very essential parts of the system.
In nursing, there are two types of courses: B.SC nursing Basic and Post Basic. The basic course is of 4 years and the post-basic course is of 2 years. The minimum eligibility is 45% marks in class 12 in the medical stream for taking admission in nursing courses.
There are several entrance exams at different levels for the admission process. AIIMS NURSING, MSN, PGIMER NURSING are some of them. There are many government and private institutes that offer B.SC nursing.
Some profiles available in this field are Staff Nurse, Nursing Service Administrators, Assistant Nursing Superintendent, Industrial Nurse, Community Health Nurse, Military Nurse and many more. The salary packages in the field are good enough, and you get a good amount of respect as well.
BMLT (Bachelor of Medical Laboratory Technology)
The demand for professionals who know about the technicalities of the laboratories in health care setup is increasing rapidly. BMLT is a course that provides thorough knowledge about laboratory equipment and laboratory diagnostic procedures. The management of laboratories, advancements in laboratories and instrumentation becomes easy for qualified professionals.
The course consists of three years of degree and six months of internship. The admission in the course can be merit-based as well as via the entrance exam. Some of the known BMLT exams are Jamis Hamdard Entrance Test, Amity University Entrance Test, Manipal University Entrance Test and many others.
BMLT has become a very necessary part of the health care sector. There are enough job opportunities in the government and private labs. Apart from working in the labs, one can also work as a school teacher, healthcare administrator, lab supervisor, educational consultant and various others.
B.Pharma (Bachelor of Pharmacy)
Pharmacy is the art and science of preparing and dispensing drugs. This has various steps, and this job requires expert individuals. In B.Pharma all the useful knowledge about biochemical science and healthcare business is imparted. The course is 4 years long and has 6-8 semesters. The length of the course depends on the coursework and practical sessions. All the norms and regulations for B.Pharma are laid by the Pharmacy Council of India (PCI).
The students can practise as professional pharmacists after completing this course. The field has a lot of scope, and it is expected to flourish further in the future.
The demand for health care professionals who can prepare drugs to treat different diseases and deficiencies is increasing day by day. The popular job opportunities in this sector are analytical chemist, drug inspector, medical transcriptionist, drug technician, drug therapist, and several others.
The admission to the course is through the entrance tests or on a merit basis. Some popular exams are MHT CET, BHU B Entrance exam, Goa common Entrance Exam, and many others.
BPT (Bachelor of Physiotherapy)
When you are in the medical stream in class 12, physiotherapy is one of the most promising fields that you can opt for. The course is 4.5 years long with a mandatory internship. The admission is the course can be merit-based as well as based on the entrance exams.
In the course, the students learn to treat muscular issues caused by various factors and locomotion problems. Ageing, injuries, diseases, disorders can be various reasons for causing issues in the muscles and joints. Physiotherapy helps one to look after the physical and muscular health of different individuals.
The field is gaining popularity providing various job opportunities. After doing Bachelors in Physiotherapy, one can work in Health Institutes, Fitness Centres, Educational Institutes, Defence Medical Establishments, Hospitals, Orthopaedic Departments, and at several other places. You can excel in the field and get highly paid if you are efficient in your job.
BOT (Bachelor of Occupational Therapy)
Occupational Therapy takes care of the patients by changing their environment and motivating them to live everyday healthy lives. This field deals with the emotional and mental problems of the patients. This system also focuses on ergo-medicine as an alternative method of treatment. This bachelor’s degree is of 4 years and trains the students to take universal care of the patient. The skills taught to the students include observation, treatment planning, clinical reasoning, and its implementation.
Occupational Therapy has various specializations too. One can choose to go ahead with Paediatrics, Community Consultation, Assisted Living, Vision Rehabilitation, and many others. The job opportunities in this field are vast. One can become an OT technician, OT nurse, Consultant, Private Practitioner, Occupational Therapist, and various others.
The admission to the course is based on merit and through entrance exams. The major exams conducted for admission in BOT are CMC Vellore Entrance Exam, Manipal University BOT Entrance Exam, AIIPMR Entrance Exam, etc.
BYNS (Bachelor of Naturopathy and Yogic Sciences)
BYNS integrates the study of natural and modern medicine. The students seeking opportunities in Ayurvedic and Homeopathic Medicine can be highly benefited from this particular course. The course comprises many practical sessions in the field of neuropathy and yoga. Natural medicine and yoga are becoming an essential part of our lives nowadays.
This is a degree course of 4.5 years with an essential internship. The minimum qualification for admission is the course is 12th, and the minimum age should be 17 years. Different entrance exams are conducted for the admissions. Direct admissions are also entertained in some of the institutes.
Different specializations can be done in the field. The specialization courses comprise Nutrition Therapy, Herbal Medicine, Acupuncture, Natural Childbirth, Homeopathic Medicine, and many more. After perusing BYNS, you can be appointed as a Para Clinical Specialist, Yoga Trainer, Yoga Trainer, AYUSH Practitioner or Professor, Neuropath, Researchers, and several others.
B.Sc OT Technology (Bachelor of Science in Operation Theatre Technology)
This is a three-year degree course in which the students are taught about managing the patient’s records and noticing every detail of the operation theatre. These details include disinfection, sterilization, and taking care of all the surgical instruments.
Admission to the course can be based on merit as well as on the entrance exams. The major entrance exams in the country for this course are NIMS School of Paramedical Sciences and Technology Entrance Exams, Tech Mahindra SMART Academy for Healthcare Entrance Exams, University of Technology Exams, etc.
After completing the course, you can quickly be appointed as a professional in the healthcare system. You can be a lab technician, Anaesthetist Consultant, Teacher and Lecturer, Associate Consultant, and OT Technician.
The course is very demanding and flourishing. There are a lot of future scopes. The course helps in building up technical and interpersonal skills and opens up many job opportunities ahead.
BASLP (Bachelor of Science in Audiology and Speech-Language Pathology)
This is a four-year undergraduate course that trains the students to become Audiologists and speech-language Pathologists. The identification, treatment, and prevention of hearing disorders are dealt with in the course. Hearing aids and technology are also taught about. Theory and practical both are the compulsory aspects along with an internship.
The best colleges in India offer this course, including AIIMS, JIPMER, SCBMCH, and PGIMER. The admission process is merit-based as well as based on marks obtained in various entrance exams. NEET-UG, IPU-CET, All India Entrance Exam of AYJNISHD are the major exams through which admissions to BASLP can be taken.
Once you are done with BASLP, you can be recruited in a hospital, clinic, university, or any research field. The prominent job positions are of a Clinical Audiologist, Instructor at Special Schools, Clinical Supervisor, BASLP Professor, Hearing Aid Specialist, and many more. Further studies can also be done after completing the course. MASLP, MASLP, M.Sc Audio Speech Therapy, MA Communication Sciences, and Disorders are some options.
B.Sc Dialysis (Bachelor of Science in Dialysis)
Dialysis is the process in which waste and unwanted water are eliminated from the body. B.Sc Dialysis is a three-year undergraduate course in which students are trained to assist the professionals in different treatment processes. Different dialysis concepts, dialysis systems, and machines, blood chemistry, etc., are taught in this course. Students are trained so that they can make use of the latest technology used in the dialysis process.
One can further continue to do specialization in the same field. These courses include M.Sc, M.Phil, Ph.D., etc. Various job opportunities are open once the course is completed. One can work in various government and private hospitals, private clinics, healthcare setups, research centers, educational institutes, and many more.
Interested candidates can take admission in the courses and through various entrance tests. Different Universities and Colleges conduct tests for admission in the course. The candidate should have passed class 12 with 50% marks for taking admission in the course.
B.Sc Perfusion Technology (Bachelor of Science in Perfusion Technology)
This is an undergraduate course of three years in perfusion technology, physiology, and pathology of the lungs in the body’s studied and allied respiratory organs. Students of this course turn up into professionals who can operate heart-lung machines and other sophisticated types of equipment as directed by the healthcare physicians. They measure various parameters to identify proper mechanical, pharmacological and thermal manipulation to maintain organ vitality. They handle stressful situations very easily.
The admission in the course is through various entrance exams. Some of the major exams are PGIMER Entrance Exam, Jawaharlal Institute of PostGraduate Medical Education and Research Entrance Exam, JSS Medical College and Hospital Entrance Exam, and SMR Institute of Medical Technology Entrance Exam.
The job opportunities are numerous after the completion of the course. One can be appointed as a perfusion technologist, Paediatric Perfusionist, Cardiac Perfusionist, Medical Coder, Teacher, Cardiac Technician, and many more.
B.Sc Renal Dialysis (Bachelor of Science in Renal Dialysis)
This is a three-year undergraduate course to attain specialization in Renal Dialysis Technology. This is a paramedical field with a good scope. In the course, students are trained in the techniques of hemodialysis treatment for patients with renal failure. The students are trained to work under a physician or a nurse.
The admission process in the course is merit-based or entrance exam-based. The main entrance exams through which admissions in this course can be taken are JEE MAINS, BITSAT, VITEEE, and many others. Institutes like Manipal University, JIPMER, JSS University, Jamia Hamdard University, Jawaharlal Nehru University, and many highly-ranked colleges offer this course.
Once you complete the course, you can quickly get a job in a hospital, military services, blood donor centers, and several other related centers. After completing the course, the posts are Dialysis Technician, Dialysis Supervisor, Dialysis Therapist, Dialysis Assistant, and various others.
B.Sc Respiratory Therapy (Bachelor of Science in Respiratory Therapy)
This three-year undergraduate degree is a relatively new course in allied medical sciences. The profession deals with applying technology to assist in the diagnosis, treatment, management, and care of patients primarily having and cardiopulmonary disorder. The respiratory therapists work under the doctors and other health care professionals and are eligible to perform diagnostic tests and various physical examinations.
The admission in the course can be direct or based on entrance exams. The major entrance exams to enter the field comprise JEE MAINS, BITSAT, VITEEE, COMEDK, and UPSEE. Many institutes like AIMS, SIHS, Manipal University, KMHS Institute of Allied Health Sciences offer the course.
The scope in the field is wide enough. You can get an opportunity to work at hospitals, health care centers, hospitals, and other such places. The job profiles are also good and respectable. You can easily work as a Respiratory Therapist, Clinical Application Specialist, Product Manager, District Manager, and many more.
B.Sc Radiography ( Bachelor of Science in Radiography)
This is a paramedical course meant for students who aspire to learn about medical diagnostic tests involving radiations. This is a 3-year course with six semesters. Radiography is a paramedical science that involves the use of x-rays and many other radiations to visualize internal organs. This is a non-invasive method and well-suited. The students are trained in taking x-rays, MRIs, CT Scans, etc. Radiations can also be used to provide radiotherapy to cancer patients. This science is advancing with time.
The admission to the course can be direct or based on entrance exams. The universities conduct various entrance exams to admit students to the course. University College of Medical Sciences and GTB Hospital, Rajiv Gandhi University of Health Sciences, TATA Memorial Centre, Maharaja Agrasen Medical College are important colleges.
Different hospitals, healthcare centers, laboratories offer jobs to the people trained in Radiography. One can easily get a job after this course due to the advent of technology nowadays. The positions offered after completing the course are Radiation Protection Specialist, Diagnostic Radiographer, X-ray Technician, Therapy Radiographer, and many others.
B.Sc Image Technology Radiography
Students taking up this course get familiar with radiography and imaging techniques for efficiently diagnosing the diseases in a medical setup. Conventional and modern Radiographic Instruments involved in the imaging processes are dealt with in this field.
The course is three years long, split into six semesters. The subjects in the course are Radiology, Medical Image Processing, Image Reconstruction, and Medical Imaging Equipment.
The admission to the course can be direct or based on some entrance tests. AIIMS, DUET, JNU CEEB are some of the accepted entrance exams for admission in the course. Many top-ranked institutes like Christian Medical College, JIPMER, SRM Medical College, and Research Centre offer the course.
Colleges & Nursing Homes, Research and Developmental Hubs, Medical Laboratories provide various job opportunities for specialized people in this field. Some of the job profiles available are Radiology Assistant, Radiographer, Ultrasound Technician, Sonographer, MRI Technician, Technical Executive, Medical Technician, and several others.
B.Sc Medical Image Technology
This is a three years long course in which the students are taught about the techniques and processes involved in creating images of human body parts for clinical purposes. Advanced imaging and health care management are the basic components of the discipline. The students become trained professionals specializing in all the imaging technologies, including MRI, CT Scan, x-rays, ultrasound, and various other techniques.
One can get admitted to the course by direct admission or after giving the entrance exam. Radiographic Anatomy, Radiographic Physics, Patient care, all the Radiographic techniques, and several other subjects are taught in the course. The student becomes efficient in diagnosing the diseases based on the imaging technology.
The jobs are numerous in the field. One can be appointed as a Radiographer, x-ray technician, Ultrasound Technician, Medical Image Analysis Scientist, Radiologic Technologist, and many others.
Diploma Medical Courses after 12th
Diploma in Homeopathic Medicine and Surgery (DHMS)
This is a four-year course involving six months of mandatory internship. The core principle of the subject depends on increasing immunity and healing the body. Homeopathy is an alternative holistic medicine that cures the body naturally. The course is designed to train the students to practice homeopathy independently or under supervision in a hospital or any health care institute.
The admission to the course can be direct or through any entrance exam. To get admitted to the course, the minimum qualification should be class 12 in PCB. Many good colleges in the country offer this course.
The employment options are numerous in the field. Homeopathy is becoming popular as an alternative to allopathy. The demand for homeopathic professionals is rapidly increasing. One can be employed in a government or private hospital, laboratory, healthcare department, or private company.
The positions available for the students qualified in DHMS are homeopathic doctors in clinics, medical assistants, homeopathic medical storekeepers, and many more.
DMLT (Diploma in Medical Laboratory Technology)
This is a 2-year course to get an orientation to the medical laboratories and the work of the lab technicians. The course involves various disciplines, including Microbiology, Clinical Chemistry, Biochemistry, Radiology, Genetics, etc. The course trains you in all types of tests required for the diagnosis of various diseased states.
The tests may involve body fluids (blood, urine, CSF, peritoneal fluid, pleural fluid, etc.) or radiological testing. The students are trained in all these things.
The admission to the course is usually merit-based, but some colleges may conduct their entrance exams or consider NEET marks to admit the students to their institute. Manipal University, Jamia Hamdard University, Amity University, and many other good institutes offer this course.
Various specializations can be done after completing the course. The list is long, including microbiology, clinical biochemistry, Biostatistics, Clinical Pathology, Haematology, and many more. The jobs are numerous, and the posts are vacant for the lab technicians. The major job profiles available after doing DMLT include Medical Technician, Medical Technologist, Healthcare Administrator, Coordinator, Laboratory Manager, and various others. The major recruiters are government and private hospitals, pathology labs, research labs, clinics, blood banks, universities, and other educational institutes.
Diploma in nursing
This is a three years course in which the students are trained in the subjects like Fundamentals of Nursing, Health Economics, Community Diseases, Ward Management and many others. Nursing has always been an integral part of the healthcare system.
The course focuses on turning the students into competent nurses. The knowledge of administration, working of the hospitals, and management of the clinics are imparted in the course.
The admission to the course is mostly merit-based. SRM Institute of Technology, Mahatma Jyoti Rao Phoole University, Singhania University, Venkateshwara nursing college, Surabhi College of Nursing, are some of the topmost institutes offering the course.
The government and the private sector offer several jobs once you are done with the course. The salary is good, and the profession has good status in society as well. The major job profiles in the field include Head nurse, Nursing assistant, Community Health Nurse, Emergency Nurse, Infection Control Nurse, and many more.
Diploma in Physiotherapy
This is a two years course in which one can get admission directly or based on some entrance exams. The major entrance exams for the course include IPU CET and BCECE. To appear for the exam, one should have at least 45% marks in the science stream in any recognized board. The field is flourishing, and many job opportunities are available once you complete the diploma.
In this course, the students are trained in therapeutic sciences to provide physiotherapy and related services. Many companies like TVTV, Volvo, Nestle, Amul, Kelloggs, etc. are visiting different colleges to recruit students in different related fields. The positions available for the students include Assistant Physiotherapist, Self Employed Private Physiotherapist, Customer care Assistant, lecturer, research assistant, and many more.
Diploma in Clinical Pathology
This 2 years program deals in clinical pathology techniques. After completing this course, the students are capable of helping healthcare professionals at places where clinical pathology is a major task. All the human pathology, including the techniques used to diagnose a disease in pathology, are taught in this course.
The student must have passed class 12 with 50% marks in the medical stream to get admission into the course. The admission can be direct or entrance-based. Major institutes like AFMC, CMC Vellore, and many others provide access to this course.
The job opportunities are great once the course is completed. Many hospitals and pathology labs are ready to recruit people specialized in the field. Armed forces, Apollo Hospitals, Dr. Lal Path Labs are some of the renowned names that appoint people in this field. You can easily get a job as a lab technician, clinical pathologist, medical examiner, clinical manager, etc.
Diploma in x-ray Technology
This is a 2-year undergraduate course dealing with radiations to get images of the body’s internal organs. The students are taught about various techniques involving electromagnetic radiation in the diagnosis of diseases. These techniques include x-rays, CT scans, electrocardiography, etc. Veni-punctures and injections are also in the course.
The admission to the course can be merit-based or direct. Job opportunities are vast after the completion of the course. Hospitals, clinics, medical labs are among the top recruiting areas. The professional can be appointed as an x-ray technician, assistant x-ray technician, radiologist, teacher, and several others.
Diploma in Anaesthesia
This is a 2-year undergraduate course in which the preparation of the patients before surgery and the fundamentals of anesthesia are dealt with. Hospital awareness, Pathology, blood transfusion procedures, surgical preparation, cannulation, and many such disciplines are taken into account in the course.
The basic requirement for the course is 50% aggregate marks in class 12 in the science stream. The admission to the course can be direct and based on some entrance exams. NEET, JIPMER, and various other exams offer admissions in the course.
There are several job profiles available in the field. One can be recognized as an assistant anaesthesiologist, Nurse Anaesthetics, medical consultant, and various others.
Diploma in Operation Theatre Technology
This is a two-year operation management course. Students acquire various skills and knowledge in the course. Equipment training and management techniques can be learned in the course. The student is free to learn the interpersonal and technical skills required to work in an OT under the supervision of a nurse or a surgeon. Infection monitoring skills and sterilization procedures are also included in the course. Practical knowledge is a must in the field.
Many good colleges offer this course. Some of them include Jamia Hamdard University, Baba Farid University of Health Sciences, Geetanjali University, and others. The admission to the course is majorly merit-based.
Various jobs are available for the person who has completed this course. One can be recruited as a lab technician, OT technician, anesthetics consultant, lecturer, and many more. The salary is good, and jobs are easily available in a healthcare setup.
Diploma in Dialysis Techniques
This is a two year period in which basic skills in the area of dialysis techniques and their procedures are given consideration. The course offers a basic understanding of the field and opens further opportunities for higher certification in the same. All the basic concepts of nephrology and the basic medical diagnosis are dealt with in the course.
The admission to this certificate-level course can be direct or based on entrance exams conducted by individual universities. The important colleges in the field include Om Sai Paramedical College, Aadarsh Medical College, Aligarh Muslim University, Alex School of Dialysing Technology, and others.
The advent of technology in today’s era has led the industry to boom. Various technicians are regularly needed in this field. The possible job profiles include Dialysis In-charge, lab assistant, medical assistant, skill trainer, unit supervisor, and several others.
Diploma in Occupational Therapy
This is a 3-year course for students who wish to work as therapists. Today’s lifestyle is quite hectic, leading to physical and mental exertion. A good way to tackle this stress is therapy. Nowadays, people require various therapies to relieve various things they have on their minds. The setup of society today makes the profession popular, and it has high job opportunities. The course involves the study of various subjects, including psychology, sociology, anatomy, physiology, occupational therapy theory, and various others.
The minimum eligibility for the course is to pass class 12 with at least 55% marks in the medical stream. The admission process can be merit-based as well as entrance-based.
The job options are numerous. Hospitals, colleges, rehabilitation centers, community health centers, nursing homes readily tend to recruit such professionals in occupational therapy. The major job profiles in the field include physiotherapist, occupational therapist, occupational therapy nurse, rehabilitation therapy assistant, medical coder, and many more.
Diploma in pharmacy
This is a short-term course for students who are interested in the pharmaceutical business and therapy. This two years course involves the study of biochemistry, pharmacology, and toxicology. Different chemical salts and their uses in medicine are taught in the course. Several pharmacy jobs are available readily after completing the course. The number of trained professionals in the country is less, increasing the number of job opportunities available.
The admission to the course can be merit-based or entrance exam-based. A candidate is eligible to take admission in the course only if the aggregate marks in class 12 are more than 50%.
The employment in the sector is vast. Various government and private hospitals, clinics, and community health centers recruit professionals at different posts. One can run a private business in the same. The probable job profiles available are pharmacist, scientific officer, drug inspector, and medical transcriptionist.
Veterinary Medical Courses
B.V.Sc & AH (Bachelor in Veterinary Sciences and Animal Husbandry)
Animal love is believed to be a good characteristic of a human. The people who love animals can do this course which involves curing animal diseases. The course includes knowledge that makes the students capable of diagnosing diseases in animals and prescribing medicines for their cure.
This is a five years course with a mandatory internship. The degree comprises theoretical subjects as well as practical examination. Proper conduct is taught to the students so that they can behave properly with the animals. This will help the students in providing the best care to the animals.
The admission to the course is through entrance exams. Different exams include the All India Common Entrance Examination, All India Pre Veterinary Test, Test, Indian Veterinary Research Institute Entrance Exam, and many more.
There are several employment areas in the field. Hospitals, Clinics, Research centres, and various educational institutes recruit veterinary specialists. As time is advancing, people are getting aware and are taking proper care of their pets. This enhances the job opportunities in the field. One can be employed as a Veterinary Physician, Veterinary Assistant, Veterinary Technician, Veterinary Surgeon, Veterinary Pathologist, and many more after completing the degree. The scope is immense in the field today. One can easily get a job after opting for this particular course. The salaries are good, and the profession is also a respectable one.
Medical Courses after 12th in Alternative Fields
B.Sc Physiology (Bachelor of Science in Physiology)
B.Sc Honours Physiology is a three years undergraduate course. The program involves specialisation in physiology and life sciences. Other subjects like Biochemistry, Microbiology, Immunology, etc., are also included in the course. The course can be pursued after completion of class 12 from a recognized board. The course provides complete knowledge about animal and plant physiology.
The course provides a base for the students who want to go ahead with the same subject for further studies. Apart from that one can easily get a job after completion of the course. The salary also goes above the average bracket with enhancement in skill and knowledge of the student.
The admission process is both direct and through entrance exams. The major entrance exams to get admission in the course are CET, OUAT, AUCET, CG PAT, NET, JNUEE, etc. Many colleges offer the course. Some of the major institutes among them are JNU, Bankura Christian College, City College, Baba Farid University of Health Sciences, etc.
The career that lies ahead of this degree is great. After completing the course, one can be appointed as a Therapist Assistant, Medical Coder Trainer, Personal Trainer, Lab Technician, Physiotherapist, Assistant Professor, and many others. The field is vast, and the options are numerous once you are completed with this course.
B.Sc Industrial Microbiology (Bachelor of Science in Industrial Microbiology)
This is a two years course involving many disciplines. The students may also require expertise in other subjects such as molecular biology, Biochemistry, and bio-engineering for a complete understanding of the subject.
New products such as vaccines, antibiotics, organic chemicals, and other products useful in the food and beverage industry, health care, and agriculture are developed and discovered by microbiologists.
The main subjects of the course mainly involve microbiology. The major subjects are microbiology, industrial microbiology, microbial physiology, and food and agriculture microbiology. The other subjects in the course include biochemistry, bioinformatics, immunology, etc.
Patna University, Punjabi University, Amity University, Sree Ayyappa College are some of the important institutes that offer this course. The admission to the course is primarily entrance exam-based. The entrance exams can be conducted on the national level, state level or at the level of the university.
There are many jobs available in the field due to the advancements in industrialization. Everything is becoming mechanical nowadays, more and more machines are used to develop the products. But the proper formulation of the products and their quality check is still a big responsibility.
The microbiologist does this work. The job profiles available in this profession include bacteriologists, mycologists, virologists, biochemists, geneticists, and others.
B.Sc Pathology (Bachelor of Science in Pathology)
This is a three years course, and admission to the course is mainly based on the marks obtained in class 12. The eligibility criteria are that the student must be at least 17 years of age and has a medical stream in class 12. Top institutes offering the course include Magadh University, Hawabagh Women’s College, Rama Medical College, Rama University, etc.
This course is an excellent opportunity for students who want a career in the medical line. The students become highly skilled in the laboratory techniques as they advance towards the end of the course.
This branch is about the action of pathogens on the body of the host and the response of the host towards the pathogen. Different diseased conditions and their diagnosis is taught in this course.
There are several employment options after the completion of this course. One can be recruited in different hospitals, health care centers, or pathology labs. The major job profiles include Pathologist, Data Analyst, Research Analyst, Lab Technician, Teacher, and several others.
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